Looking for a List of Valid HTML Escape Characters?

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HTML escape character lists often include characters between 128 and 159 – the problem is that these are Microsoft specific, and are reserved for control characters in the standard Internet character sets. In HTML they are undefined, and in XHTML they are completely invalid. Here is a list of valid HTML/XHTML escape characters you should use.

Table of HTML Escape Characters
Decimal Value (&#DV;)Escape CharacterOutput
0 – 031NoneNothing
032&sp; or ␣Blank
033!!
034"
035##
036$$
037%%
038&&
039'
040((
041))
042**
043++
044,,
045‐ or − or ‐
046..
047//
048-057 = digits 0-9
058::
059;;
060<<
061==
062>>
063??
064@@
065 – 090 = letters A – Z
091[[
092\
093]]
094ˆ or ⁁^
095__
096None (grave accent/back apostrophe)`
097 – 122 = letters a – z
123{{
124||
125}}
126˜ or ∼~
127None (delete)None
128 – 159 = unused (MS specific)
160 non-breaking space
161¡¡
162¢¢
163££
164¤¤
165¥¥
166¦ or &brkbar;¦
167§§
168¨ or ¨¨
169©©
170ªª
171««
172¬¬
173­ (soft hyphen)None
174®®
175¯ or &hibar;¯
176°°
177±±
178²²
179³³
180´´
181µµ
182
183··
184¸¸
185¹¹
186ºº
187»»
188¼¼
189½ or ½½
190¾¾
191¿¿

Table of HTML Escape Characters

Hopefully you found this list of HTML escape characters useful. Note that not all lists published on the Internet will validate as valid HTML and XHTML. In some cases, if you’re editing in a plain text (i.e. no formatting is applied) environment, the use of an escape character is not necessary. This is the case with characters such as the apostrophe (‘), hyphen (-), quote (“), and others located as keys on your keyboard.

Hopefully this will save you some time when creating/ formatting your web pages. Please post below with any comments or requests you may have.

Alex bring a series of in-depth articles on search marketing and content management systems as well as troubleshooting tips to We Rock Your Web's collection. He is an avid tennis player, nature enthusiast, and hiker, and enjoys spending time with his wife, friends, and dogs, Bella and Lily.

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4 Comments on "Looking for a List of Valid HTML Escape Characters?"

newest oldest most voted
Ian Strom
You really ROCK!!!
Thank you ALEX SCHENKER
Anonymous
Very helpful

Anonymous
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Anonymous
Thanks, this was really helpful with the current development.

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